Exploration, Scientific Revolution & Enlightenment Overview
HA! Chapter 33 The Age of Exploration
HA! Chapter 34 The Scientific Revoution
HA! Chapter 35 The Enlightenment
CONCEPTS: humanism, individualism, renaissance, revival, classical, vernacular, secular
CA State Content Standards
7.10 Students analyze the historical developments of the Scientific Revolution and its lasting effect on religious, political, and cultural institutions.
1. Discuss the roots of the Scientific Revolution (e.g., Greek rationalism; Jewish, Christian, and Muslim science; Renaissance humanism; new knowledge from global exploration).
2. Understand the significance of the new scientific theories (e.g., those of Copernicus, Galileo, Kepler, Newton) and the significance of new inventions (e.g., the telescope, microscope, thermometer, barometer).
3. Understand the scientific method advanced by Bacon and Descartes, the influence of new scientific rationalism on the growth of democratic ideas, and the co-existance of science with traditional religious beliefs.
7.11 Students analyze political and economic change in the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries (the Age of Exploration, the Enlightenment, and the Age of Reason).
Know the great voyages of discovery, the locations of the routes, and the influence of cartography in the development of a new European worldview.
Discuss the exchanges of plants, animals, technology, culture, and ideas among Eu rope, Africa, Asia, and the Americas in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries and the major economic and social effects on each continent.
Examine the origins of modern capitalism; the influence of mercantilism and cottage industry; the elements and importance of a market economy in seventeenth-century Europe; the changing international trading and marketing patterns, including their locations on a world map; and the influence of explorers and map makers.
Explain how the main ideas of the Enlightenment can be traced back to such move ments as the Renaissance, the Reformation, and the Scientific Revolution and to the Greeks, Romans, and Christianity.
Describe how democratic thought and institutions were influenced by Enlightenment thinkers (e.g., John Locke, Charles-Louis Montesquieu, American founders).
Discuss how the principles in the Magna Carta were embodied in such documents as the English Bill of Rights and the American Declaration of Independence.